I cannot recall how many times people have come up to me and questioned me about the miracles of the Qur’an or even of the Prophet Muhammad, salla Allahu `alayhi wa sallam (peace and blessings be upon him)
This may not seem like a tough question, but as a matter of fact it is.
There are innumerable miracles present in the Qur’an, and it is difficult to sum up all the miracles of this divine book in a few paragraphs but I will attempt to illustrate just some of them here.
For those who are not familiar with the Qur’an: it is the holy scripture of the Muslims sent down through the Prophet Muhammad salla Allahu `alayhi wa salaam (peace and blessings be upon him) by Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala (the Exalted and Glorified).
The Qur’an’s revelation started in 610 A.D., dating back one thousand, four hundred years ago. It is evident that the people of this time possessed none of the contemporary technology known to man today. What’s more, the Prophet (S) was an illiterate man.
The Qur’an was sent down in a distinct form of poetry, which humans haven been unable to replicate to this day.
The fact that Qur’an has not been modified for 1,400 years is one form of direct evidence that the miracles recorded have been sent down by a divine being.
Islamic scripture incorporates many elements of science; in fact, quite a few of the miracles explained in the Qur’an are rooted in scientific knowledge relevant to modern discoveries.
To expand upon these miracles, recently it has been discovered that, “in the places
where two different seas meet, there is a barrier between them. This barrier divides the two seas so that each sea has its own temperature, salinity, and density” (Principles of Oceanography -Davis, pp. 92-93). This fact was recently discovered, due to advancements in technology.
Despite the strong waves and currents both of these bodies of water, they remain separate. It is a wonder how this discovery was mentioned in the Qur’an fourteen hundred years ago without the use of any tools or technology, a true testament to the divine nature of the Qur’an.
In reference to the very same scientific discovery quoted in Davis’ textbook/book, the Qur’an reveals how “He [God] has let free the two seas meeting to gather. There is a barrier between them. They do not transgress” (Qur’an 55:19-20).
This verse from the Qur’an states just what the previous quote mentioned. What stands to note, however, is the fact that they both come from completely different time periods. The Qur’an made this fact apparent even before there was scientific evidence to support it.
There are other examples of similarly visionary scientific references found throughout the Qur’an. Recently, meteorologists discovered that when “water vaporizes from the oceans and rivers forming tiny clouds. The small clouds join together and the updrafts within the larger cloud increase… these updrafts [that] cause the cloud body to grow vertically, so the cloud is stacked up.
This vertical growth causes the cloud body to stretch into cooler regions of the atmosphere where drops of water and hail formulate and begin to grow larger and larger.
When these drops of water and hail become too heavy for the updrafts to support them, they begin to fall from the cloud as rain, hail, etc.” (“The Atmosphere” p. 269 and “Elements of Meteorology” pp. 141-142). This explains the process of how rain, hail, and snow fall from the sky.
We have just now reached enough advancement in technology in order to discover something like cloud formation, yet in the Qur’an, revealed centuries ago, it states:
“Have you not seen how God makes the clouds move gently, then joins them together, then makes them into a stack, and then you see the rain come out of it…” (Qur’an 24:43).
It is incredible that the information of how clouds form has been available for many years prior to the advent of modern scientific knowledge and technology.
In succinct and poetic words, the Qur’anic ayah or verse is able to relay what would need overly technical and elaborate processes of explanation in our modern day vernacular.
There is no way the Prophet (S) or anyone who knew the Prophet (S) could have fabricated such an accurate of natural processes, without the need or use of any current technology. There are many more of these countless miracles, and many that we have yet to discover.
It appears that while the Qur’an, dating back to an era of pre-industrialism and pre-modern civilization, has maintained a consistent and accurate voice on natural scientific processes, the realm of modern science has only just begun to explore the full potential of scientific knowledge in this world.
SABREEN SHALABI is a second year Political Science major at the University of California, Irvine